With a warm and dry nature, powdered saffron is usually used to make soups and hot drinks.
Known as the golden spice, saffron has a pleasant taste, colour, and smell and contains more than 150 antioxidants such as carotenoids, safranal, crocin, crocetin, picrocrocin, focus, and croc. In addition, saffron is rich in vitamin A, folic acid, copper, potassium, calcium, manganese, iron, selenium, zinc, magnesium, riboflavin, and thiamine.
Saffron tea suppresses depression and exhilarate the person; it also improves the gastrointestinal function. This rea is a diuretic and, consequently, it is useful for the cleansing of kidneys and bladder.
Other benefits of saffron include facilitation of digestion, elimination of bloating, facilitation of blood circulation, and hematopoiesis. Moreover, it has antioxidative and anticancer properties.
The most important compounds found in saffron include water-soluble yellow compounds (crocetin derivatives); bitter compounds such as picrocrocin, that are beneficial to stomach; aromatic materials (essences) such as safranal, that sometimes accounts for 1% of saffron; fixed oil (at a maximum of 10%); moisture content (13.10%); and minerals (about 5%).
A tablespoon of saffron (2 grams) contains the following items:
- ۶ calories
- ۳ gr carbohydrates
- ۲ gr protein
- ۱ gr lipid
- ۱ gr fibre
- ۶ mg manganese (28% of the recommended daily allowances)
- ۶ mg vitamin C (3% of the recommended daily allowances)
- ۳ mg magnesium (1% of the recommended daily allowances)
- ۲ mg iron (1% of the recommended daily allowances)
- ۵ mg phosphorus (1% of the recommended daily allowances)
- ۵ mg potassium (1% of the recommended daily allowances)